Understanding laparoscopy and fertility

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A common procedure, a laparoscopy can both investigate and treat gynaecological issues. Sometimes referred to as “keyhole surgery”, it can also be used for other types of pelvic or abdominal surgery, including gastric band placement, an appendectomy, and gallbladder removal. In terms of how it can impact the possibility of pregnancy, it is rare for a laparoscopy to affect fertility negatively (although each case is always unique). In many cases, it has been documented to improve the probability of conception.

Laparoscopy step-by-step

Laparoscopy is typically performed under a general anaesthetic. The procedure starts with the surgeon making a 1cm long incision into the abdomen. The laparoscope is then passed through the tiny cut. The laparoscope is a thin, fibre optic-tube equipped with a light and camera, so the surgeon can see clearly inside the abdomen. Then the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide gas to lift the abdomen wall and allow the surgeon space to see and work. Sometimes, microsurgical probes will also be inserted via a second incision to assist with moving organs slightly. With a clearer view of the pelvic organs, issues can be diagnosed or repaired with surgery.

A laparoscopy is far less traumatic for the human body than the more traditional form of surgery that employs much larger incisions. Typically, patients will experience less discomfort, pain, and recover far faster.

How is a laparoscopy employed in fertility?

Women can experience problems conceiving due to physical problems within their reproductive tract and pelvis, which prevents them from getting pregnant. Several issues can cause pelvic factor infertility, including scar tissue following surgery, infection or injury or issues like fibroids, polyps, endometriosis, or ovarian cysts. Laparoscopy can also be effective at diagnosing problems that can’t always be seen with an ultrasound and sometimes surgeons are able to repair or treat an issue during this minimally invasive procedure.

If you are experiencing fertility issues, have further questions regarding Laparoscopic surgery or are currently seeking a private gynaecologist in London, please get in touch with us today for assistance.

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