Everything you need to know about fibroids

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It is important that we all take care of our reproductive health with regular checks and screenings. Some women will develop fibroids, with one in three women suffering from symptoms. Below we explore why fibroids occur, what symptoms women may have, how fibroids are diagnosed and treatment options.

What are fibroids?

Fibroids are benign (non-cancerous) growths that grow inside or around the uterus (womb). They can be of any size and consist of fibrous tissue and muscle.

What are the symptoms?

Not all women will experience symptoms. However, there are some common symptoms that may suggest you have fibroids. These include painful or heavy periods, lower back pain, abdominal pain, pelvic pain, painful sex and the need to urinate more frequently.

Why do some women get fibroids?

So, why do some women get fibroids? The reasons are still pretty unclear but it is thought that one reason is a high level of oestrogen. Typically, fibroids occur more in women aged between 30 and 50. After the age of 50, oestrogen levels drop and any fibroids tend to shrink. African-Caribbean women and those who are overweight or obese are also at greater risk of developing fibroids. Women who have had children are at a lower risk.

Diagnosis of fibroids

How are fibroids detected? The first step is usually that of an ultrasound scan. Then if fibroids are suspected, further tests can be carried out. A hysteroscopy involves a small scope and light that provides a view of the inside of the womb. A laparoscopy is a procedure that provides a view of the inside of the pelvis. Both procedures can help to identify the presence of fibroids.

How are fibroids treated?

Treatment options are offered when a woman experiences symptoms. These usually consist of medication to help alleviate those symptoms. Surgery and invasive treatments are also an option, but your gynaecologist will discuss these options with you.

If you have been diagnosed with fibroids or suspect that you may have them and are searching for a private gynaecologist in London, then we can help you. Please do get in touch with us today.

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